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Inhalant Abuse Prevention
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toxguy

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Posts: 6
Reply with quote  #1 
Since my last post we have had another death related to the use of a "duster" product. This time the individual was observed to drive his vehicle erractically until after crossing into oncoming traffic he collided with a passenger van. A can of duster was found in the car and toxicology testing revealed the presense of 1,1-difluoroethane (the chemical found in many of these products) in tissues collected at autopsy.
I hope posts such as this help further raise awareness to the dangers associated with inhalant abuse. Please be aware that these chemicals induce intense intoxication by depressing the CNS. Judgement and motor coordination are effected. These products may also induce cardiac arrhythmia and sudden death. They do not simply displace oxygen nor do they contain air. You cannot mimic their effects by simply holding your breath.
Creighton

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Posts: 32
Reply with quote  #2 
Toxguy -

Thanks so much for your valuable insight.

One of the goals of this message board is to not only open discussion on this topic; it is to provide accurate and clear information about inhalant abuse to those reading these posts. Thanks to you and other posts of this nature we are succeeding in that endeavor.

One of the other questions that is continually out there is how many inhalant-related deaths occur each year. For a multitude of reasons, in the US, we don't have one national reporting center on this topic. To give us a general idea of your corner of the region, you mention you had another recent case. How many fatalities have you seen related to inhalant abuse?


Creighton

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Posts: 32
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In our news alerts this am, came across an interesting item from "Triser's blog". Has some interesting information about treatment as well.  

NCP Stimulants Amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine, and nicotine and Inhalant Related Disorders

June 4, 2008

INHALANT-INDUCED DISORDERS

292.89 Inhalant intoxication
292.81 Inhalant intoxication delirium
292.84 Inhalant-induced mood disorder
292.89 Inhalant-induced anxiety disorder

Stimulants are natural and manufactured drugs that speed up the nervous system. They can be swallowed, injected, inhaled, or smoked. Inhalant substances such as gasoline, glue, paint/paint thinners, spray paints, cleaning compounds, and correction fluid, to name a few, are not classified as stimulants; however, the intoxicating effects of these products and their therapeutic interventions are similar and therefore addressed here.

This plan of care addresses acute intoxication/withdrawal and is to be used in conjunction with CP: Substance Dependence/Abuse Rehabilitation.

 
toxguy

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Posts: 6
Reply with quote  #4 

I am in the northeast region. Our area has seen multiple inhalant related cases. Some of these have been due to accidental or intentional asphyxiation with a variety of compounds such as nitrous oxide, acetylene and propane. This is the fifth case of 1,1-difluoroethane (DFE a.k.a Freon 152 A) we have had in the last couple years. What is particularly dangerous about duster products is that 3 of these were related to sudden death in which the individuals were unlikely to have had any warning of impending fatal cardiac arrhythmia. There is also evidence that duster products may be habit forming. Parents and concerned individuals should look for soreness and/or irritation of the mouth and throat, presence of mult canisters or quick consumption of product which under normal use ought to last weeks to months even with regular use.

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